INTRODUCTION Transportation of people, goods and services today is no longer a problem as technology is fast growing. Distance is neither a barrier nor a problem. Just as people, goods and services are easily transported across a distant destination, ELECTRICITY is no different. Electricity can be transported over a long distance. But unlike goods, electricity requires a medium through which …

Read More »## How to Calculate the Suitable Capacitor Size in Farads & kVAR for Power factor Improvement

How to Calculate the Suitable Capacitor Size in Farads & kVAR for Power factor Improvement (Easiest way ever) Hi there! With a very important tutorial.. I hope you will find it very useful because I have already spent two days to prepare this article. I think all of those who have sent messages and mails about the topic will never …

Read More »## How to Convert Capacitor Farads into kVAR & Vice Versa (For Power factor improvement)

How to Convert Capacitor Farads into kVAR & Vice Versa for Power factor improvement? How to Calculate the Required Capacitor bank value in both kVAR and Farads? (How to Convert Farads into kVAR and Vice Versa) How to Convert Capacitor Farads into kVAR & Vice Versa (For Power factor improvement) In this simple Calculation tutorial, we will find the way …

Read More »## Advantages of Power factor improvement and Correction

Advantages of Power factor improvement and Correction: Following are the merits and benefits of improvedPower factor; Increase in efficiency of system and devices Low Voltage Drop Reduction in size of a conductor and cable which reduces cost of the Cooper An Increase in available power Line Losses (Copper Losses) I2R is reduced Appropriate Size of Electrical Machines (Transformer, Generators etc) …

Read More »## Causes of low Power Factor

Causes of low Power Factor The main cause of low Power factor is Inductive Load. As in pure inductive circuit, Current lags 90° from Voltage, this large difference of phase angle between current and voltage causes zero power factor. Basically, all those circuit having Capacitance and inductance (except resonance circuit (or Tune Circuit) where inductive reactance = capacitive reactance …

Read More »## Power Factor improvement Methods with Their advantages & Disadvantages

Methods for Power Factor Improvement The following devices and equipment are used for Power Factor Improvement. Static Capacitor Synchronous Condenser Phase Advancer 1. Static Capacitor We know that most of the industries and power system loads are inductive that take lagging current which decrease the system power factor (See Disadvantages of Low Power factor) . For Power factor improvement purpose, …

Read More »## Over Head Lines Library

Over Head Lines Library What is the difference between real ground and virtual ground? Corona Theory of corona formation. Factors and condition effecting Corona. Important terms due to Corona Some Examples of Corona calculation. Advantages and disadvantages of Corona. Or Its effect on communication lines. Power loss due to corona. Methods of reducing corona effect. Causes of low Power Factor …

Read More »## Disadvantages of Low Power Factor

Power factor play an important role in AC circuits and power dissipation depends on this factor. For instant, we know that; Power in a Three Phase AC Circuit = P = √3 V x I CosФ And Current in a Three Phase AC Circuits = I = P / (3 V x CosФ) I ∝1 /CosФ….… (1) Also, Power in …

Read More »## Prove that Volume of The conductor is Inversely proportional to the squire of Voltage ( Vol = 1/V2). And what is the effect of this relation on Transmission and Distribution System.

Prove that Volume of The conductor is Inversely proportional to the squire of Voltage ( Vol = 1/V2). And what is the effect of this relation on Transmission and Distribution System. Power in Three Phase Circuits P = √3 V I Cosθ OR I = P / √3 V Cos θ (1) Law’s of resistance = R = ρ …

Read More »## Typical AC Power Supply system (Generation, Transmission and Distribution) scheme and Elements of Distribution System

Typical AC Power Supply system (Generation, Transmission and Distribution) scheme and Elements of Distribution System (a complete note With Diagrams) The lines network between Generating Station (Power Station) and consumer of electric power can be divided into two parts. Transmission System Distribution System We can explore these systems in more categories such as Primary transmission and secondary transmission. Similarly primary …

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