How to Calculate the Numbers of Fans and Proper Size of Ceiling Fan?
Generally, the power wattage of a ceiling fan is 100 watts. For this reason, no more than 6 fans can be connected to the final sub circuit having 5 amperes current rating.
Fans, incandescent lamps and fluorescent and CFL lamps etc can be installed in the same circuit but the total current of appliances should not increase than the rated current of fuse/circuit breaker and cable size used for the wiring installation.
Each fan should be connected and control through separate switch and dimmer or speed regulator (speed controller for variable speed). The minimum height of Speed regulator should 1 ½ meter.
To be on the safe side, the max length between fan and ceiling should be 3 meters (10 feet) and it should not be installed below 2.75 meters (9 feet). Ceiling fan should be installed through hook or clamp and 2 nut bolts of < ½” (12.7mm) can be used to fix the rod in the hook/clamp.
How to Find the Number of Fans?
If the size of a ventilated room is 14′ x 12′, a 48′ fan can be suitable to use then. In case of bigger areas like hall, the number of fans can be found by dividing the total area of the room by the area of a single fan. Let’s see the following solved example.
|AREA OF ROOM (Ventilated)||AREA OF ROOM (Non-Ventilated)|
|IN METERS||IN FEET||IN METERS||IN FEET|
|36 INCH||3.67 X 3.67||12 X 12||3.05 X 3.05||10 X 10|
|48 INCH||4.27 X 4.27||14 X 14||3.67 X 3.67||12 X 12|
|56 INCH||4.88 X 4.88||16 X 16||4.27 X 4.27||14 X 14|
Find the total number of fans 56″ required for a 15m x 10m hall so that the hall is provided air uniformly. The hall is provided with windows on three sides for air circulation.
Area of ventilated hall = 15m x 10m
Size of Fan = 56″
Required Number of Fans = Total Area of Hall / Area Required for Fan
= 15m x 10m / 4.88 x 4.88 = 6.3
No of Fans = 6
Now, distance between fans (lengthwise) = 15/3 = 5m
Distance between fan and wall (lengthwise) = 5/2 = 2.5m
Distance between fans (widthwise) = 10/2 = 5m
Distance between fan and wall widthwise) = 5/2 = 2.5m
Below is the layout of No. of 56″ fans needed for a 15m x 10m hall / room.
How to Size a Ceiling Fan?
According to the American Lighting Association, the proper size of a ceiling fan can be figured out by the following table 2.
|Room Size (Square Feet)||Room Size (Square Meter)||Fan Size in Inches||Fan Size in Centimeter|
|75 ft2||6.96 m2||29″ – 36″||73.6 – 91.4 cm|
|144 ft2||13.37 m2||36″- 42″||91.4 – 106.6 cm|
|225 ft2||20.9 m2||50″- 56″||127 – 142.24 cm|
Good to Know: According to the ALA (American Lighting Association), a ceiling fan installation should not be less than 2.1 meter (7 ft) of area between ceiling and floor. If you are going to put a thick carpet, consider the size as well when measuring the area between ceiling and floor. If case of tall ceiling, an optional down-rod can be used to connect the fan to reduce the length to floor for an efficient air moving circulation.
Good to Know:
According to the ALA (American Lighting Association), a ceiling fan installation should not be less than 2.1 meter (7 ft) of area between ceiling and floor.
If you are going to put a thick carpet, consider the size as well when measuring the area between ceiling and floor.
If case of tall ceiling, an optional down-rod can be used to connect the fan to reduce the length to floor for an efficient air moving circulation.
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