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How to Wire 240V Water Heater Thermostat – Non-Continuous?

Single Phase 240V and 230V Non-Simultaneous Dual Element Water Heater Thermostat Wiring

In the electric water heaters and thermostat wiring and installation series, we will be showing that how to wire and install a non-continuous (non-simultaneous) dual element water heater and thermostat for 240V AC single phase (US) and 230V AC single phase (UK/EU).

As we have discussed before about the continuous (simultaneous) and non-continuous (non-simultaneous). In simultaneous wiring, both the water heating elements are operated at the same time while in non-simultaneous wiring, only one heating element is operational at a time and second one “ON” when the first one complete the heating job and disconnected from the power supply automatically by thermostat wiring configuration.

In this post, we will be showing a 10kW dual element (5kW heating element each) with 240V AC supply and 7kW dual element (3.5k heating element each) for 230V AC and 240V AC thermostat wiring for non-continuous operation i.e. only one heating element will be operational at a time.

240V AC Non-Simultaneous Dual Element 5kW Water Heater Thermostat Wiring

As like in prevois wiring diagrams, The upper thermostat is connected to the single phase 240V AC supply through a 30 amp circuit breaker. The Line (L1) as hot wire is connected to to the thermostat right terminal L3. Two wires (blue and red) outgoing from thermostat terminal L4 to the first end of upper and lower heating elements while terminal T4 of upper thermostat is connected to the lower thermostat terminal 1 and T2 of upper thermostat is connected to the second terminal of heating element. Finally, the “2” terminal of lower thermostat is connected to the second terminal of lower heating element.240V AC Non-Simultaneous Dual Element 5kW Water Heater Thermostat Wiring

The non-simultaneous thermostat operation will automatically switch off the upper heating element after successful operation and connected the lower one. The following diagram shows it perfectly.Water Heater Thermostat Wiring and Working

Since there are two heating elements each of rated about 5000 watts, the total wattage rating of this heater is 10000 watts. We will be using the breaker and switch sizes for half rating of the total wattage i.e. 10kW as only one element is operational at a time.

Now in case if 240V AC, a 30A circuit breaker is suitable for both wires having 10 gauge size as followed by the following calculations.

  • Total wattage: 10kW / 2 = 5kW.
  • Load Current = 5kW / 240V = 20.83A.

Breaker Size should be 1.25 (125%) of the load current:

20.83 x 1.25 = 26A

Another way, the safe limit of circuit breaker is 80% (0.8), this way 30A x 0.8 = 24 Amp which is safe for load current.

This way, a 30A circuit breaker for over current protection is suitable in case of 5kW dual element non-continuous water heater circuit for 240V AC.

230V & 240V AC Non-Continuous Dual Element 3.5kW Water Heater Thermostat Wiring

The following 7kW (each heating element of 3.5kW) has the same wiring connection as above for 5kW thermostat wiring despite a 20A single way switch has been used in 230V AC for ON/OFF operation. Keep in mind that these switches are not suitable for 240V two lines supply.

In the following water heater wiring diagram of 3500 watts non-continuous operation, both wires from the main distribution board are shown as “L” and “N” for 230V AC supply and L1 and L2 for 240V two lines AC supply.230V & 240V AC Non-Continuous Dual Element 3.5kW Water Heater Thermostat Wiring

Note: Red color illustrates the Line or Phase wire and Black color shows the Neutral Wire in the above figures. You may follow your regional wiring color codes i.e. IEC or NEC.

Warning:

  • Disconnect the power before replacing, repairing, troubleshooting, maintenance and installation electrical appliances and equipment.
  • Use the proper size of cable and wire by following this simple calculation method (How to determine the suitable size of cable for Electrical Wiring Installation)
  • Failure to do so can result in electrical shock, serious injury, fire or even death.
  • Please follow the manual instruction, local area codes or contact a licensed electrician for proper installation.
  • The author will not be liable for any losses, injuries, or damages from the display or use of this information or if you try any circuit in wrong format. So please! Be careful because it’s all about electricity and electricity is too dangerous.

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