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Difference between Star and Delta Connections – Comparison Of Y/Δ

Comparison between Star and Delta Connections

We mostly use the terms star and delta in electrical systems while discussing three phase AC circuits and electric motors. Below is a given table which compares both Star and delta connections showing the exact difference between Star (Y) and Delta (Δ) Connections.

Star Connection:

Star connection “Y” is obtained by joining together similar ends of coils either “starting” or finishing. The other ends are joined to the line wires. The common point is called the Neutral or Star Point. This three-phase, 4-wires system is used in power distribution and transformers.

Delta Connection

Delta or Mesh Connection “Δ” is obtained by connecting the starting end of the first coil to the finishing end of the second coil and so on (for all three coils) which makes it like a closed loop or mesh circuit. This three-phase, 3-wires system is used in power transmission and transformers.

In both systems, the Voltage between two phases (Line to Line) is known as Line Voltage, while the voltage between Phase to Neutral (Line to Neutral) is known as Phase voltage. The voltage between any line (or phase) and Neutral is single phase while voltage between all three lines (or phases) is known as three phase voltage.

The following table better summarizes the differences and comparison between Star and Delta Connection.

Difference between Star and Delta Connections

STAR Connection (Y) DELTA Connection (Δ)
In STAR Connection, the starting or finishing ends (similar ends) of three coils are connected together to form the neutral point. A common wire is taken out from the neutral point which is called Neutral. In DELTA Connection, the opposite ends of three coils are connected together. In other words, the end of each coil is connected with the starting point of another coil, and three wires are taken out from the coil joints.
There is a Neutral or Star Point. No Neutral Point in Delta Connection.
Three phase four wire system is derived from Star Connections (3-Phase, 4 Wires System). We may Also derive 3 Phase 3 Wire System from Star Connection Three phase three wire system is derived from Delta Connections (3-Phase, 3 Wires System). i.e. 3 Phase, Wire system is not possible in Delta Connection.
Line Current is Equal to the Phase Current. i.e.

Line Current = Phase Current


Line Current is √3 times of Phase Current. i.e.

IL = √3 IPH

Line Voltage is √3 times of Phase Voltage. i.e.

VL = √3 VPH

Line Voltage is Equal to the Phase Voltage. i.e.

Line Voltage = Phase Voltage


In Star Connection, the Total Power of three Phases could be found by:

P = √3 x VL x IL x CosФ …. Or

P = 3 x VPH x IPH x CosФ

P = √3 V x 1

In Delta Connection, the Total Power of three phases could be found by:

P = √3 x VL x IL x CosФ … Or

P = 3 x VPH x IPH x CosФ

P = 3 x V (1/√3)

The speeds of Star connected motors are slow as they receive 1/√3 voltage. The speeds of Delta connected motors are high because each phase gets the total of line voltage.
In Star Connection, Smooth starting and operation with nominal power, normal operation without overheating can be achieved. In Delta Connection, Motor receives highest Power output.
In Star Connection, the phase voltage is low as 1/√3 of the line voltage. Therefore, it needs a low number of turns, hence saving in copper. In Delta connection, The phase voltage is equal to the line voltage, hence it needs more number of turns which increase the total cost.
Low insulation required as phase voltage is low as compared to Delta. High insulation is required as Phase voltage = Line Voltage.
Star Connection is a common and general system which is used in Power transmission. Delta Connection is a typical system used in Distribution system and Industries.

The same table showing differences between star and delta configurations can be seen below if you face any difficulty while reading the text.

Click image to enlarge

Main Difference between Star and Delta Connections
Main Difference between Star and Delta Connections

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  1. Viksh kumar singh says:

    Comparison bw star and delta made me understand why star delta starter is used for 3 phase ac motors.

    1. star is used for below 5 hp motors and delta is used for above 5 hp ….. when motor gets starts ,it starts with star after that it changes to delta by using timer because, when the motor stars motor gets highs amps at first star works after that delta works

    2. Vinayak Unnithan says:

      Its bcoz to increase the speed of motor while starting gradually.. since the phase voltage is 1/√3 of line voltage the starting speed of the motor will get reduced after a specific time it have to get changed to delta inorder to deliver more power

  2. Please correct – Delta Connections – 3rd point –

    It should be
    “Three phase three wire system is derived from Delta Connections”

    not Star Connections.

    In the image also.

    Thank you.

    1. Electrical Technology says:

      Thanks for Correction. :)

  3. Reeshad Ahmed says:

    Why Star connection and Delta connection is necessary for Motors ?

    1. Motor starting torque is high current control in star connection that necessary star cannection

    2. star connection is required at the starting o motor because a motors takes 5-10 times more current at starting and if delta current is given it may start immediately but this may reduce the life of motor

      1. Ibrahim Fatawu says:

        Mr Khan, Pls we are talking about star ? and delta in general here not the process of star – delta connection to start a heavy motor.
        Thank u

      2. mr. Khan, thanks for the explanation.. it was the best way to describe it.. dont care about Ibrahim Fatawu

        1. Electrical Technology says:

          Thanks for appreciation….

          1. Mr. Khan u r right

  4. pratik tope says:


  5. i need the delta and star

  6. mohammad hallom says:

    Very good website

  7. can any one tell me in star delta mode,, in which state motor take high or more current…. in Star or Delta

    1. Star has high starting currents and high starting torque

  8. Vishnu Mohan says:

    Thanks for the guidance…

  9. Thanks SAR very good sejestion

  10. SANTOSH RAO says:


    1. Electrical Technology says:

      You are most welcome dear….

  11. how do I generate neutral from delta connection

    1. Electrical Technology says:

      Please provide more information… For which purpose, do you want to do that? You mean, You want a single phase supply with neutral wire from three phase (Delta) Generator or what?

  12. Bhagesh meher says:

    Thanku for guidance star and delta cannection explain

  13. Raju gupta says:

    What is diffrence between neutral and earthing. Please give me ans

    1. Electrical Technology says:

      We have already published the post… You may read it here

    2. hamson koko says:

      neutlal return current to the source while earthing neutralize the circuit

    3. neutral is a constant but earth varies from low to high

  14. Anbazhagan says:

    Thanks for the guidance.

  15. Hello all;
    i need the Circuit diagram of how to turn on automatically a 3 phase Generator?

  16. kishan sevak says:

    Thanks for the guidance.


  18. vijayaraghavan says:

    Whether u connected in star or delta….speed doesn’t varies know…only torque differs….change the answers in difference column

  19. Good day!
    In our industrial electrical facilities has some motor like big cooling fan has delta connection (50HP) If we will change the motor winding connection from delta to star, is any benefit from energy Saving point of view.

    your feedback is highly appreciated.

    1. Hi shivaraj,

      if you change the motor getting high current and temp, my point of view can’t change like Delta to star.
      Take long time to start motor. star can give High starting torque. Delta can’t ,
      if less than 60% load can possible to change.


  20. raju mishra says:

    Sir ye star me neutral kyu hota h,delta kyu nhi hota h?

  21. greetings
    i think the star connection is used for the distribution (to provide the single phase voltage ) , and the delta is used for transmission (higher voltage , more insulation is required but we transmit by OHTL (air is our insulator ) .
    its reversed in the article i think ..or may be there is something i am missing .

  22. Dear admin
    Please check the last point, is this true that delta used for distribution and star used for transmission ?

  23. Which type of connection os better for 25hp Motor if it is connected to power pack….. we connected in star is it ok

    1. Harsewak Singh says:

      u have to operate motor in star – delta connection both, initialy 25 hp motor required more force to move its shaft but as soon as it attain some speed it an be transferred to delta. we use this type of combination above 5 h.p. motors.

  24. I want to use motor for running compressor motor details 440v,60hz, and 130Amps normal working current ,power 80kw load.
    Starter is DOL.
    Please give advise how should I connect motor terminal in star or delta

  25. Dear sir,
    can u prove why star connected motor takes low current than delta connected motor.

  26. Hi! Does the imbalance between the phases can be caused by type of connection? Ex. There’s phase? 2 pole induction motor and phases have the following values of current: A=130A, B = 125A, C=120A. Why they’re not the same?

  27. Between star and delta connection which of them takes a high voltage either in primary or secondary coil

  28. Boris Main says:

    Why delta connection is require for motor??????
    In home….what kind of connection we use????

    1. Electrical Technology says:

      They are single Phase motors.. And obliviously, We use Single Phase supply…

  29. Usman Khan says:

    best comparison between delta and star connection


    There is no change in speed for both star and delta connection for induction motor Speed N = 120F/P i.e. Speed depends upon only supply frequency and No of pole in motor speed can not change due to voltage variation for Ac induction motor – star delta connection used for Ac induction motor.

    1. Mayur Shingala says:

      if u change voltage than speed of motor will be vary i think…

  31. please sir according to your circuit diagram on connection of motor in star delta why is the star terminal in series and the delta in parallel

  32. Arun kumar says:

    One 63.5 KVA genset 3-Phase is connected to load( machine). Starting in Star connection is OK but during the load transfer to delta connection , motor (machine) trips off. What can be the possible reasons?

  33. If in place of star connection,we give delta connection.What will happen to the Motor?

  34. Sandip Sutar says:

    if iam using vfd( Voltage Frequency Drive) for motor, Witch connection require ?

  35. James Featherman says:

    I believe that the Power formulas are incorrect “Phases could be found by: P = √3 x VL x IL x CosФ …. Or P = 3 x VPH x IPH x CosФ P = √3 V x 1 In Delta Connection, the Total Power of three phases could be found by: P = √3 x VL x IL x CosФ … Or P = 3 x VPH x IPH x CosФ P = 3 x V (1/√3) shouldn’t they both be P = √3 x VL x IL x CosФ, in balanced load. but for sure they both should have a current component. Thanks very good site for what I have used it for.

  36. Hi
    What happen when motor on without rotor? I know heat will be produced and coil should be burn . But I want exacted reason it will be help
    1 what happen when motor run in star connection continually or Delta? Is it possible,

  37. Rajesh Kumar says:

    I have 20hp 3phase motor that connected in delta but I want to change in star. If connect in star ampere increase or decrease. Pls comment.

  38. Rajesh Kumar says:

    Which hp motor you have.

  39. Innocent Nwokamma says:

    I want to get something here,if star can be referred as power transmission and delta as power distribution dat means how can we figure out and equipment or an inductive load I mean motor that can handle both of them

  40. I want to rewind a motor of star connection of 24 slot but i need a rewinding designed or connection designed.Thank

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