How to Connect Two Switches in Series to Control a Single Load?
In today basic home electrical wiring installation tutorial, we will learn how to wire and connect two switches in series to control and operate a single light point.
Mostly, this is not a proffered method to wire single way switches in series as parallel or series-parallel connection is used in common electrical wiring installation. In some case, it may seems useless connection, but there are some possibilities where we have to control single load from two places while both switches must be switch ON to operate the load.
Before go in details, we will see the basic construction and operating mechanism of single way switch which is shown in fig below:
Below is a simple step by step tutorial with schematic and wiring diagram which shows how to wire single way switches in series ?
- Single Way Switches (SPST = Single Pole Single Through) x 2 No
- Lamp (Light Bulb) x 1 No
- Short pieces of cables x 4 No
Connect the two single way switches, light bulb in series to the power supply as shown in fig below. Keep in mind that both switches S1 and S2 must be closed to complete the circuit.
If there are more switches connected in series with electrical appliance i.e. light point, all of them must be at ON position to operate the load. If one of the single switch is open, the circuit won’t work then.
The circuit will only complete if both of the switches are at ON position. In other words, If one of the switch are open or at OFF position, the light bulb will not glow. This is the same case for other loads as well which are connected in series to control by two single way switches.
Below are the different positions of single way switches and light point when connected in series.
Click image to enlarge
To get the switching position in ON condition for light bulb, the above operation is same as the Digital Logic AND Gate truth table which is given below.
|Switch 1||Switch 2||Lamp Position|
|0 = OFF||0 = OFF||0 = OFF|
|0 = OFF||1 = ON||0 = ON|
|1 = ON||0 = OFF||0 = OFF|
|1 = ON||1 = ON||1 = ON|
In simple words, there are four switching positions and if both the switches are at ON position, the light bulb will glow. On the other hand, if one of the switch is at OFF position, the current will not flow in the circuit as the circuit behaves like an open circuit, hence bulb will not glow. No matter all of other connected switches are at OFF or ON positions.
Good to know:
- Switches and fuses must be connected through line (Live) wire.
- Switches connection in series is not a prefer way to wire home appliances. parallel or series-parallel wiring method is more reliable.
- Less wires and cables are required in this kind of wiring connection.
- It is not a reliable and comfortable method of wiring.
- Use this wiring connection when only and only it is needed to be done.
Related Electrical Wiring Installations tutorials:
- How To Wire Switches in Parallel?
- How To wire Lamps in Series?
- How To Wire Lamps in Parallel?
- How to Control a Lamp by a Single Way or One-way Switch?
- How to control each lamp by separately switch in parallel lighting circuit?
- Stair case wiring circuit diagram, OR How to control a lamp from two different places by two ,2-way switches?
- How to control One Lamp from three different places? (by using two, 2-Way switches and one intermediate switch)
- How to control one lamp from six different places by using two, 2-way switches and four intermediate switches?
- Introduction to Series, Parallel and Series-Parallel Connections
- Series, Parallel and Series-Parallel Connection of Batteries
- Difference Between Series and Parallel Circuit – Comparison
- Basic Electrical Wiring Diagrams