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Ohm’s Law: Simple Explanation with Statement and Formulas

What is Ohm’s Law? Explanation, Formula and Solved Example

Ohm’s Law

The relationship between Current through and Voltage across a conductor was first discovered by a German scientist George Simon Ohm. This relationship is called Ohm’s Law which can be stated as;

The Current “I” flowing through a conductor is directly proportional to the potential difference i.e. Voltage “V” across its ends provided the physical conditions (i.e. temperature, strain, etc) do not change.

In other words;

In any electric circuit, the Current “I” is directly proportional to the applied Voltage “V” and inversely proportional to the total circuit Resistance “R” if the physical condition of the circuit remain unchanged i.e. (Temperature of the circuit does not change)

Mathematically,

I ∝ V   …   or   …   V ÷ I     =>     Where R = Constant

Where “R” is a Constant of proportionality and is called Resistance of the Conductor.

Current = Potential Difference ÷ Resistance

I = V ÷ R

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Formulas & Equations of Ohm’s Law

For calculation and simplifying of electric circuits (measuring of Current, Voltage and Resistance), we can use Ohm’s Law in the following three forms

1.

V = I x R

Voltage = Current x Resistance

Volt = Amps x Ohms (Ω)

2.

I = V ÷ R

Current = Voltage ÷ Resistance

Amps = Volts ÷ Ohms (Ω)

3.

R = V ÷ I

Resistance = Voltage ÷ Current

Ohms (Ω) = Volts ÷ Amps

Where:

Better funny explanation of Ohm’s Law

Click image to enlarge

Ohms-Law-Funny-Explanation
Ohm’s Law: Simple & Funny Explanation
Or another funny way to explain Ohm’s Law

Click image to enlarge

Ohms-Law-Funny-Explanation-with-Example
Pushing Load on a slop analogy to understand the Ohm’s Law

 

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How to Calculate Electric Circuits using Ohm’s Law

Ohm’s law can be used to simplify and analyze both basic and complex electric circuits. There are multiple versions and equations used to find the values of different quantities such as electric current, voltage and resistance of the circuit.

Ohm’s law can be applied on a part or whole circuit at once. If applied on a whole electric circuit, the total voltage is divided by the total resistance of the circuit to know the value of total flowing current in the circuit. On the other hand, if you want to determine and calculate the current in a specific part of the circuit, you will have to divide that part voltage on the associated resistance of it.

Example:

If the apply Voltage across a Circuit is 50V, and a series connected Resistor in the circuit which resistance is 10 Ω, then what would be the Current in that Circuit?

Solution:

Solved-example-of-Ohm-Law
Ohm’s Law simple Example
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6 Comments

  1. Srinivasan S says:

    capacitor how to control pf?

  2. Srinivasan S says:

    how to select the earth electrode in electrical equipment or panel?

  3. Govindarajan Vetrivelan says:

    how to copy the details from the webpage

  4. qeramika kastrati says:

    big up for Govindarajan Vetrivelan

  5. Anil khatri says:

    I like it so much very useful

  6. Timmy Fernstrom says:

    All you need to know about the basic Ohm’s Law on the field instead of complex calculations.

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